Residual Income Formula

Remaining Income Formula

As part of management accounting, residual income is a measure of a department's performance. Its main advantage is that it measures a department's excess return in absolute terms. The residual income measures the surplus of earned income over the desired income. In contrast to the Return on Investment (ROI), which is calculated for a percentage or rate, the residual income (RI) is calculated for an absolute dollar value. Multiplying the operating assets by the cost of capital and then subtracting this value from the operating result is the basic formula for calculating residual income.


As part of our managerial accountancy, residual income is a key indicator for measuring the output of a team. He or she is measuring the yield of the division, which is above the minimal interest rate. And the formula for calculating residual income is: The above formula is A = net operational income of the division; the net operational income of the division is the sales of the division less all expenditures for which the head of division is liable.

This is the yield expected by the enterprise on a proportional basis for alternative investments. The division's weighted averages are the department's financialbases. Its primary benefit is that it can measure a department's surplus yield in real time.

Residual income means that the division has fulfilled the required rate of yield, while residual income means that the division has not fulfilled it. ROI is another measure of a company's ability to measure returns. There are two major departments: Division C specialises in the computer designs, manufacturing and commercialisation and Division P is involved with prints.

Division C generated net income of $300 million in 2011, while Division P generated $130 million in internal revenue over the same year. Division C had opening business property of $1 billion and its closing business property is $1. 1 billion, while Division P opening business property had $0. 5 billion, while its closing business property is $0. 7 million.

At 12%, the company's weighting annual WACC can be used for a new investment with a 15% ROI. Because it can make 15% on alternative investments, it is considered a minimal interest rate. Division C's median business wealth is $1. 05 billion, on which the minimal returns needed is $157. 5 million.

His residual income is therefore $142. 5 million ($300 million minus $157. 5 million). Division P's annual net worth is $0.6 billion, with a necessary rate of yield of $90 million. The residual income is therefore 40 million dollars (130 million dollars minus 90 million dollars). Division C has acquired $142. 5 million residual income as opposed to $40 million acquired by Division P. Residual income allows us to likeness the amount of residual income acquired by different divisions.

As the residual income is in both cases favourable, we come to the conclusion that both have fulfilled the required returns. But comparing your residual income is not the easiest way to do it. The ROI is a better indicator of overall returns and a better indicator of comparative performances. For this example, Division C has a 28.

6 percent ($300 million/$1,050 million), while Division P has a ROI of 18.

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