Outlining Software for WritersDesign software for authors
Mind mapping, sketching and drawing utilities
Let's discuss how we can use our own tool to help us achieve the perfect typing experience I described in the one before. We' ve watched an excellent typing work flow in the last clip that allows you to begin with a mindmap, transform it into an arrangement and then type in an enviroment where changes in your design are synchronised with changes in your arrangement.
In addition, we would like to have simple accessibility to our research material in this context while we write. There' s not a shred of all this in a shred of programs. Some of the most common text processing programs, such as Microsoft World, are not even near. One or two of the tasks that we have on the open source markets are well done.
Authors who want to deploy a full set of e-workflows usually find two or three interoperable tools that allow the export of one to be used as inputs for the other. For example, you can switch from a Mind mapping program to an outline or text processing program and then switch back and forth between a research material references management and a research material data base program.
It' interfering with the typing and it can be expensive. The more worrying part from my point of view is that it's getting more difficult to keep the design's silhouette and contents in line; once they're out of line, you've forgotten one of the main characteristics of the idealised work flow I described in the last film.
It' good to know what's available and how different apps can handle different types of working. Later in this tutorial, I will take you through some samples of our solutions that demonstrate the work flow principals we are discussion. I will concentrate here on dubbed sketching and drafting - later we will deal more closely with research and references.
Let's begin with mindmaps and mind-mapping softwares. The most frequent use of mindmaps in corporate life is to record the idea stream in a meetings where individuals spit and make proposals, and the resulting mindmaps can be very non-linear. This is the point from which application programs can include extra functions such as attaching graphs to display the node, associating documentation and multimedia with the node, attaching text memos to the node, and so on.
The majority of these functions are not pertinent to essays. The two functions you want are the possibility to attach text memos to a knot and the possibility to display a mindmap as a conventional structure. An author can begin a subproject by summarizing the organisation of the article in a mindmap and using the text annotations at each of the nodes to fill in the conten.
When you display a thumbnail in structure view you can get an idea of how your paper will look like as a work. Well, this is where most mind-mapping apps require you to exit your typing projects in a real text editor, so if they have these functions at all, they give you the option to sort your outlines into different file types that can be exported into a text editor.
You do not anticipate completing a finished write task in the mind map team. I' d like to speak about this shift from a structure to a separate text editor like Microsoft Office but let's first take a look at separate sketching tools. In recent years, the outlines of the application have become increasingly established.
You can use it to create hierarchical outlines. Use them to create your own idea, create to-do list, rethink the layout of a page, and more. Richer functionality enhances outline by adding projectmanagement functions and some easy spreading functions to manage your budget, for example. There is a new tendency towards an application that combines notes and outlines as you know it from Evernote or Microsoft OneNote.
We' re just concentrating on the sketching here. Simpler outliner are not particularly well suited for long formatting; as with the imaging application, they require you to design the contour into a text editor to complete the plot. Several of the more feature-rich sketching applications offer more for authors. OmniOutliner, for example, has a beautiful output that you can use for long forms.
It is a good example of an ambience that support what I call "synchronized sketching and drafting," where you can skip back and forth and make changes in both modes and keep it all in sync. What is really beautiful is the possibility to choose a specific section of your documents and just work on it, and then you can choose several parts or the whole file to see how it will look in design state.
I wouldn't try to finish an essays script in an outerliner like this. It is not a good place for certain formating jobs, such as the management of reference and bibliographical records, which you would wish for if you were a scholar. So, once again, when you use this type of piece of code, there is an anticipation that you will eventually pass it on to a designated text editor.
Let's discuss text processing programs. Let's begin with the apparent, Microsoft Office Wordprocessor, which is still the most widely used text editor in the game. Did Microsoft synchronize sketches and drafts? I asked my pupils and most of them have no clue that there is even a sketch function in Microsoft Office software - almost everyone works only in the "Print View" function, which is preset when a new file is opened.
Here is an article - one of my released articles - in Microsoft Word for Mac 2011. They can make that it is beautifully sized, and we have a set of Tier 1 headlines, beginning with "Introduction", then there are six numerated headlines in the bulk, and then the reason.
These are eight levels 1 headlines corresponding to eight important parts of the article. As you can see, these are layer 2 headers and they are differently sized in the documents; they are in italics. Now, I will change to the "Outline" screen. You can see the headers of layer 1 in this screen.
Here, each section of the continuous text is a separate item, which is marked as "continuous text" in the structure layer menus. I can' t move these sections with dragging and dropping in this release of Word for some reasons, but I can reorder the headlines, which also move everything within the header.
I can now change the order of these subsections in the outlines. This is an example of the "synchronized design and design mode". Many of the better text editors have a copy of this function, and some of them, like Nissus Writer, make it much better than World. I' m sorry to hear that Apple completely removed the outlines function from Pages' text editor when it was upgraded to 5.
Google Docs doesn't have an outliner. You must therefore verify that your text processing program has it. There' are a few things about Word's online view that I don't like. In my release, at least, you can't adjust the distance of the continuous text in structure or the distance between the bullets, so everything is kind of cramped together.
There are also format changes that may not be retained when you move between design and contour modes. Word Contours is better than not having Contours at all, but it's certainly not my favourite way to implement this work. I would like to show you the next release, Inspiration, which is currently in the 9 series.
It is the company's flag-winning, inspiration software that creates educational and commercial design visuals. It is one of the very few platform that includes diagrams, mind-mappings, sketches and drafts, so it is certainly deserving of a look. There also has a display view so you can view your chart and generate a PowerPoint styled slides of it directly in the application, which actually provide some really awesome functions.
It' s really funny that the kind of write flow I advocated in this course, which I find useful for any author, is only taken seriously by businesses that develop softwares for kids or those with study difficulties, as if visually assisted study and organisation were something that the ordinary pupil or pupil or adult author would not need.
Or, even more importantly, if you need or profit from these optical thought devices, it means that your typing abilities are somehow premature or inferior. Here is an example of what you can do. We opened it in "Diagram" view, and in this view it works very similar to a chart or mindmapping app. If you now click on this symbol in the upper lefthand corner, we can see the documents in structure state.
Now we have a range of off-the-shelf sketching utilities. Here we take this section of the page and move it over section B. Note that the caption in the headers has not changed. Node labels and follows the order of the knots by default.
You can therefore work in this structure modus, and when you return to the chart, all changes you have made are up-dated. Well, when it comes to reformatting the definitive versions of your documents, this program expects you to do so again in a dedicated word processor like Word.
This opens the documentation in Word, in "Draft" session. This is what the "Print Layout" view looks like. For example, when I look at the text in structure view, you see that it formats the headlines, but Word marks everything as continuous text so that it no longer works as a hierarchy in Word.
To continue processing the documents, you must go through the headers and assign the correct outlines. I' d like this application to be designed so that it can be exported to a default structure file like OPML and to a Word file that keeps the outlines of Word.
It' not a great application, but I think it has some really great functions to help the student in planning and doing a first design of an article. If you want to make a comparison and contrasting article, an argumenative article or a literature review, you can really work on the structure of this particular article here.
I' ve looked through some samples of programming apps in this tutorial that at least partially supports an idealised write work flow that makes it simple to switch between an outlining and a drafting state. Take-away is that there is no such thing as a flawless answer, but there are always better and poorer take-away solutions that concentrate on different parts of the workflows.
There was no talk about research material and how to make it available when you write it. I wasn't talking about the utilities I use in my own workflows.