Best novel WritersThe best novelists
He is also a well-known literature reviewer, particularly known for his impassioned criticism of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness (1899), in which he accused the famous novel of unbridled racialism through his allusion to the Africa and its peoples. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie was borne in Nigeria in 1977 and belongs to a new breed of Africans who are taking the literature scene by storm. Adichie is a new breed of ancestors.
Adichie' s works are primarily character-based and interweave the backdrop of her home country Nigeria and sociopolitical incidents with the film. Purple Hibiscus (2003) is an educational novel that depicts the experiences of Kambili and her extended household during a major war, while her most recent work Americanah (2013) is an enlightening account of Nigeria's immigration and racial relationships in America and the West-Comer.
Adichie' s work has received tremendous acclaim and has been shortlisted for a number of prizes, such as the Orange Prize and the Booker Prize. The books are known for their intensive, strong portrayals of violent destruction and personal frustrations in Armah's home country Ghana, narrated from the perspective of the single person.
Mariama Bâ, one of Africa's most authoritative writers, is known for her strong female writings dealing with the problems of sexual inequalities in her home country Senegal and further Africa. Their rage and disappointment at the pathological structure that shaped their lives flows into their literature: her novel So Long A Letter (1981) shows at the same time the power and impotence of her heroine in marriages and in the world.
Nuruddin Farah, whose birthplace is Somalia in 1945, has authored a number of theatrical pieces, fiction and brief narratives all about his experience of his homeland. His first novel From a Crossed Ri (1970) is entitled from a Somali saying "God formed the wife from a leaning ridge, and anyone who tries to judge her breaks her", and is a comment on the suffering of Somali girls in Somali societies through the story of a young girl imprisoned in an unfortunate marriott.
Similarly socially critical are his following works, which deal with topics of conflict and postcolonialism. Aminatta Forna, a Glasgow native who grew up in Sierra Leone, first attracted publicity with her memoirs The Devil That Dance on Water (2003), an extremely courageous report on her family's experience in the war-torn Sierra Leone and especially on her father's dramatic destiny as a sectarian.
She has written several books, each of which has been praised by critics: her work The Memory of Love in 2010 contrasts intimate tales of the desolation of the Sierre Leonean civilian conflict with a broader perspective and has been shortlisted for the Orange Prize for Fiction. As one of the most productive women authors of the Apartheid period, Nadine Gordimer deals with questions of society, morality and race in South Africa under apartment heat.
Although Gordimer's most celebrated and disputed works were banished from South Africa for having dared to oppose the repressive governance of those days, she won a Nobel Prize in Literature for her astonishing ability to portray a racially tense societies. Their novel Burger's Daughter follows the fights of a group of anti-apartheid campaigners and was secretly recited by Nelson Mandela during his stay on Robben Island.
Mabanckou' s works come from the Republic of Congo and are mainly in French and are known for their snappy humour, their incisive comedy and their enlightening comments on Africa and the immigrant Africans in France. He is remarkably character-oriented, often with cast of characters, such as his novel Broken Glass, which concentrates on a former Congo schoolteacher and his interaction with the natives in the pub he visits, or his novel Black Bazar, which describes the experience of various Africans immigrating in an Afro-Cuban pub in Paris.
Okris boyhood was shared between England and the times in his homeland Nigeria. It was his young experiences that shaped his writings: his first, much praised stories Flower and Shadows (1980) and The Landscapes Within (1981) were a reflection on the destruction of the Nigeria civilian conflict, which Okri himself witnessed at first hand.
Both his later books were praised: Telling the tale of Azaro, a ghost kid, The Famished Road (1991) is a intriguing mix of realisticism and ghostly portrayal and won the Booker Prize. Igugi wa Thiong'o is one of the most important and powerful post-colonial authors in Africa.
His literary path began with English-language fiction, which nevertheless focused on post-colonial issues of the individuals and the society in Africa against collective power and population. For over a year Wa Thiong'o was arrested by the state without judicial proceedings for the production of a controversially political piece; after his liberation, he undertook to write works only in his homeland Gikuyi and Swahili, naming the use of foreign languages as a pivotal instrument for decolonising the mentality and civilization of Africans.