Becoming a Writer BookHow to become a writer
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In the preface to Dorothea Brande's classical Becoming a Writer, John Gardner, writer and instructor, emphasizes that it is not only the technology that is needed by schoolchildren. Beginners (as well as seasoned writers) also need to have an understanding of important facets of their personalities in relation to the script.
They have to find out why they are starting but not finishing a job, for example, or why they can sometimes be good at writing but can't produce good materials at other hours. These are some of the roots that can cause authors to come to a standstill or completely collapse. Brande's book provides inspirational answers to these kinds of questions by carrying the student deeply inside to find the solution and move on to becoming a writer.
Although, as Gardner stresses, the study method is important, many instructions allow the method to cast a shadow over the deep ones that authors need to capture in order to enhance and maintain their work. As Brande highlights the causes and remedies for the issues that authors often face, her book is as pertinent today as it was when it was first released in 1934.
This is Virginia Woolf: Become a writer (book review)
The fact that the incantation of a psychological presentation of the subject enables manifold complexe transforms of inner experiences is a fundamental principle of psychoanalytical development theories. In addition, the specific act of the letter itself has affect-altering forces, as many scientists have demonstrated (e.g. Brand & Powell, 1985; Litowitz and Gundlach, 1987).
Katherine Dalsimer's new book takes up the use of script in the transformation of depictions of objects and the handling of emotions as a key topic for the comprehension of the early writings of one of the most important characters of contemporary literary art. Dalsimer's main interest, as explained in her introductory remarks, is the way Woolf "used" the creative processes of the letter to cope with the many trauma occurrences of her lifetime, and to work on her memory of her experiences and interrelations.
Too often, literature writers use journals and private papers to report on the day-to-day life and work of their people. Dalsimer, on the other hand, shows great sympathy for this fact and for the way in which unrecognised transmissions to imaginary users form and colour such an account.
Brilliantly, as she puts it, she is reading "between the lines" of Woolf's journals and other scripts to make a dual exhibition, both of the feelings that Woolf experienced then and of a theories about how we perceive what we perceive and how we interprete it. It provides an ingenious, up-to-date psychoanalytical approach to literature researchers, and a demonstrative approach to literature for writers and practitioners, especially those who are teaching about inferential medicine.
Moreover, with its beautiful, jargon-free presentation of such important terms as internalised relationships between objects, compression and computer memory, this book would provide an outstanding insight into the heart of psychoanalytical comprehension for pupils at all stages. Dalsimer, the writer of the female adolescence: Psychoanalytical reflections on literary works, has a special interest in Woolf's teens and early adult years.
Throughout this time Woolf experienced a range of disastrous casualties and trauma, among them the death of her family and two brothers and sisters and the beginning of her manic-depressive sickness. DeSimer considers this the time of "writing" and asks how Woolf's writings have helped her to overcome these problems.
Most of Woolf's early works are read, with a special emphasis on their significance in her lifetime at the moment of being written. A psychoanalytical psychotherapist, Dalsimer uses her eyes for imaginary sequences in Woolf's fictions and memories and sees them not as true replica of autobiographic occurrences, but as the product of a mental phenomenon that condenses memories and fantasies and fulfils a multitude of psychological function.
Nevertheless, Dalsimer is so sensible and focussed on the footage and not on theories that it is likely that she will attract one or two postmodernists. The book is divided into eight sections, each of which contains one or two of Woolf's works. All of these works are treated in chronic order, with the notability of Woolf's great novel Zum Leuchtturm, which is taken up in section one and provides the framework for a topic that is examined throughout the book: the mother's bereavement and its emotive consequences.
In this first section, the secret of how Woolf put aside her "obsession" with her deceased mom by reading the novel, as Woolf himself asserted. Woolf's own statement that the script was somehow just cathartically gives a more complicated account of the fact that Woolf, who claims that she had always envisioned her mother's language and appearance throughout her adulthood, gave it up after the book was completed and found it a great comfort.
Woolf's novel itself is about a fictitious depiction of Woolf's dam, who passed away when the writer was thirteen years old. Dalsimer's debate sheds light on how the book not only deals with the issue of a mother's decease, but also how the text "stages" a certain sad event (p. 8 ) and shows how the reader's mourning ( (p. 21-22)), which was subtlely attracted to the child's point of vision, is actually triggered.
Dalsimer's response to her own questions is that Woolf's performance with this novel was in fact "killing the little boy in the house" that her mom had always stood for by "silencing her" and expressing her own anger at the losses. She thinks this remedy enabled Woolf to get away from the forceful sound of her mother's voices, which had occupied her but did not allow her to retain an internalised good portrayal of her mum.
It'?s not clear why she thinks that - does she take Woolf's persistent periods of mental distress and possible apocalypse as proof that a good subject is missing? It is certainly possible to make other interpretation, especially when one realises that it is also likely that the novel's composition was not a cause for the relief of this lifelong strain, but rather a consequence of it.
One could, for example, see the "obsession" as a depiction of the longing and longing for a motherly character, a state that Dalsimer described movably in later sections. When Woolf went from a state that reminds of un-requited lovemaking to a state in which she got a grip on the subject through the idea of his inner spiritual being, she was perhaps more and more able to give up this phenomenon.
Woolf's early writings are explored by Dalsimer, who examines how memory is reversed by studying the "newspaper" that the Stephen brothers and sisters published in the years before their mother's deaths. She provides a perceptive interpretations of her wise and charming reports on the happenings of domestic relations and reads between the rows to recreate some of the subtle shades of domestic relations.
Whilst highlighting some of the shortcomings of the motherly relation, Dr. Woolf finds that there is also much lightness in these reports, which differs greatly from the portrayal even of these early years in Woolf's later autobiographic work. Using this contrasting image to debate the formability of the mind, Woolf observes that in Woolf's case "memory itself.... was coloured by sadness and anger" (p. 38).
Woolf's journal, which is kept at the tender of 15, is the object of a particularly interesting section. Woolf's journal began at a time when she was recuperating from her first psychological collapse after her mother's murder. The astonishingly sober, matter-of-fact, rigorously textured size of the journal reflects her efforts "to capture the realm of common experiences and, above all, to fix it in words through its depiction; it had already proven to be too fluid" (p. 42).
This seemingly arid piece of literature in Dalsimer's hand provides some of the young writer's most rich insight into her inner workings and her use of literature and read. It' s not astonishing that Dalsimer, whose other books have concentrated on the feminine youth, best analyses the writings of this age.
Dalsimer once again shows her esteem for the particular importance of the journal as a resource in a study of the journals of Woolf's later youth and early adult years, which were stylistically more free and contain much self-reflection about the writer's existence. She stuck her journal on the pages of a book, allegedly to get the beautiful book's cover in paper.
Instead of taking this at face value, Dalsimer examines the significance of this act, the journal and the selection of the respective book (Logick or The Right Use of Reason) in connection with the mostly depressing topics that are highlighted in the log. In addition, Dalsimer combines the various pieces and makes perfect use of the text entered in the back and sides of the pages and backwards in the journal, deriving probable associations and thus re-establishing the significance.
In this section, she also incorporates some modern correspondences with Violet Dickinson, an older member of the familiy, to portray Woolf's first lovemaking scandal during her father's disease and gradual onset. Their report stresses the profoundly maternal-erotic note of this relation and its longing qualities and continues the subject of a fundamental drive need to work through the early bereavement of the mothers.
Subsequent sections look at other early scriptures, and their roles in Woolf's managment and working through their mourning. Woolf's early book review and essay work, which he wrote during her father's death, are explored in the context of the way Woolf's passion for poetry reflects and stages her connection to him.
Woolf's sire Thoby' skull is connected to the young men who inhabit her fictions. Woolf's first novel, The Voyage Out, features Dalsimer's early sketches. It explores how the character of the deceased mothers" haunts" this first novel and is portrayed in a whirlpool of fantastical, sexy and devastating pictures.
Here Dalsimer once again emphasises the main place of the mother's demise in Woolf's performance. It implicates Woolf's early losses with her evolving allure towards intangible memories, the unreachable and the unavailable. It may be an effect of the way the book was organised around the issue of the functioning of the letter.
Whilst these sections advance the idea of dealing with this issue, the issue itself seems to contradict the theme that really seems to unite the book, namely the issue of the relation between the fluids of remembrance and the processes of grief. Whereas the presented footage, when so skilfully analysed, contributes much to illuminating Woolf's experiences, the issue of how to " serve " the letter seems to me to be still irresistible.
Woolf's idea that her mom "writes" and "circumscribes", moves through the ages and "thinks through" her seems to be more oriented towards an investigation of remembrance than an examination of the significance of the letter itself. Isn' t it possible that these fanciful Woolf endeavours, which are available to us through the brilliant nature of her talent, would have taken place without a writer?
Woolf's playing with the imagination helped to rework the inner pictures, thereby reorganizing her inner experiences, is the subject that attracts attention in this book. It' as if Woolf lived her whole lifetime portraying the twists of her inner mental caleidoscope; as she turned it towards the beacon, she could at last change a certain inflexible and depressing portrayal of her mum.
Woolf's early typefaces were used by Dalsimer to recreate the twists and turns that preceded this important turn, creating her own masterly work of discernment and fantasy. Brands, A. & Powell, J. (1985) Emotion and the creative review process: Descriptions of the authors' apprentices. If teenagers write: Semiotics and societal aspects of the individual letter of young people.