Amazon Kindle self PublishingAmazam Kindle self-publisher
In addition, he added that only a "small minority" of those who use Kindle Direct Publishing participate in such deceit. Since 2015, Amazon has used this type of legislation to combat fraud and has already filed lawsuits against over 1,000 companies claiming to have participated in the creation of counterfeit ratings of products on its websites. Last year, the corporation also brought an action against supposed forgers.
The need to keep taking these legislative actions shows how tough it can be to eradicate fraud on the Internet, but also how tough it is for Amazon to monitor its huge network of several hundred million pages of products. Amazon can hope through litigation that it can stop potential fraudsters from even getting to its website, which makes its work a little simpler.
A fraudster used a new way of making a living on Amazon as part of the documents submitted on Wednesday. Nilmer Rubio, a man from Olongapo City in the Philippines, is said to have contacted writers who used the Kindle self-publishing plattform and said he could synthetically increase the number of pages that clients could access from their two Kindle programmes.
Obviously he did this with the help of several hundred Amazon bankrolls that he had made. Amazon allocates monthly license fees for both Kindle programmes from a worldwide cash flow on the basis of how many pages clients are reading from each one. With Rubio's supposed system the writers could increase their emoluments and Rubio would then receive a reduction of the higher payment day.
A writer lodged a complaint with Amazon in January after Rubio contacted him and suggested that 40 per cent of the winnings should be taken from the fraud, according to the submission. There was no immediate response from Rubio to a query for a review. Two other submissions charged Terrance Li from Ontario, Canada, and Alexis Pablo Marrocco from Argentina with dealing in counterfeit work.
On Li's case, Amazon said it found 75 per cent -- 1,471 of the 1,957 responses -- associated with Li's manuals and textbooks were "abusive" and were eliminated. In 2015, Marrocco was charged with cheating at Amazon, but he said to the Washington Post at the moment he followed Amazon's regulations.
Recent submissions from Thomas Glenn of Miami, Florida, and Jake Dryan of London, England, concerned supposed fraud to drive up the number of bestseller listings. He was also charged with "hyperlink abuse", a practise now being banned by Amazon, in which an writer inserts a link on the first pages of a textbook that sends the reader to the end of the work.
This fraud will help to raise the number of pages viewed and thus the licence fees artifically. Amazons claims about 440,000 dollars in compensation from Marrocco and almost 100,000 dollars from Li. Acting as arbitral tribunal, Amazon has followed these submissions, an alternate system for resolving litigation without having to go to trial because Kindle Direct Publishing's Terms and Condition requires any dispute relating to this matter to go through the Arbitral Tribunal Group.